The United States (US) is comprised of approximately 57 million Latinx or Hispanic people making up 16.7 % of the population and the second largest ethnic group.***** The largest population resides in Los Angeles, California.**** About 27% are from California, with Texas holding the second largest population, then Florida and New York.* Over 60% of the Latinx/ Hispanic population is of Mexican descent making them the largest group within the US. Puerto Ricans are the second largest group following Mexicans and the third largest are Cubans.* Other Latinx/ Hispanic populations include Dominicans, Central Americans (excluding Mexicans), and South Americans.
According to the Census Bureau, the Latinx/Hispanic population is among the least educated ethnic group within the US. As of 2017, about 16% of the Latinx/ Hispanic population has earned a bachelor’s degree or higher, 25% has earned a two-year degree, and 59% has obtained a high school diploma or less.**
There are higher rates of poverty and income within the community. The average household income is $42,500 a year. Construction and agriculture are the largest industries that Latinx/ Hispanic people are employed in but they serve important roles in other industries as well.***
The results for the 2020 US Census will be released by next year which will give a better overview of the Latinx/ Hispanic demographics. These statistics will help determine the amount of funding, services, products, and support for the communities within the US.
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* Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". United States Census Bureau, 25 Jan. 2015.
**“Educational Attainment of Hispanic Population in the U.S., 2017.” Pew Research Center Hispanic Trends, Pew Research Center, 16 Sept. 2019, www.pewresearch.org/hispanic/chart/u-s-hispanics-education/.
***“The Economic State of the Latino Community in America.” Joint Economic Committee, July 2016, www.jec.senate.gov/public/_cache/files/c80b26fc-9d13-4537-a7a3-aa926e483cdf/the-economic-state-of-the-latino-community-in-america-july-2016-update-final-with-appendix-table-.pdf.
****US Census Bureau Public Information Office. "Most Children Younger Than Age 1 are Minorities, Census Bureau Reports - Population - Newsroom - U.S. Census Bureau". United States Census Bureau, 5 Mar. 2015.
*****"US Census Press Releases; More Than 300 Counties Now "Majority-Minority"". United States Census Bureau, 25 Oct. 2008.